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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The article is within the scope of the journal and the format adheres to the Author Guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word document file format, without author identifying information.
  • Where available, DOI links for the references have been provided using the format https://doi.org/10.1. . .  at the end of each applicable journal reference.
  • The text is double-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.  The in-text citation superscripts are not in Auto end-note format.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
  • The author(s) or funding source have considered a donation to the journal approximating the usual Article Processing Charge (waived through 2018).

Author Guidelines

All articles should cover topics relevant to Christian policy and practice in global health. Articles should be creative, reflect new insight, and be written clearly so that implications can be clearly identified for policy, practice, or further research.

We seek methodologically sound research and evaluations, as well as information about projects and studies in development or in process. It is important for articles to be interesting, clear, concise, and easy to read with scanable titles and summaries.

Research and Publishing Resources: 

Declaration of conflicting interests on any competing financial, copyright, or other interest in relation to their paper, in accordance with the ICMJE unified disclosure form. All declared competing interests, or a statement indicating that there are no competing interests, if appropriate, will be listed at the end of published articles.

Ethical principles on research with human and animal subjects follows the Declaration of Helsinki of the World Medical Association.

Author names should not be included in the body of the article to maintain double-blind review standards. The authors and other identifying information are indicated on the electronic submission, which serves as a title page visible only to the Editor. Submissions are to be uploaded electronically on the journal’s author submission page. Acceptable formats are Microsoft Word documents.

Download a sample template here to help start preparing an article. The template can be adjusted to fit the article.


Preparation of different article types are described below:

1. Preparation of Original Articles

Original Articles are full-length reports of original research (up to 5000 words).  They are organized according to the following outline:

Title: Clearly describes the subject of the study, making electronic retrieval of the article sensitive and specific. Include study type if applicable (e.g., observational or case-controlled study).

Abstract: A synopsis of the key message of the article. Include a summary of the background & aims, methods, results, and conclusions. Do not use footnotes, or references. Limit: 350 words.

Key Words: Specific enough for indexing (discoverability for researchers), give readers a quick idea of content, and use only abbreviations firmly established in the field of study.

Introduction: Should be brief and set out the purposes for which the study has been performed along with references to previous relevant studies.

Materials and methods: Should be sufficiently detailed so that readers and reviewers can understand precisely what has been done without studying the references directly. The description may be abbreviated when well accepted techniques are used. Describe ethical guidelines followed for human or animal studies. Cite approval of institutional human research review committee if appropriate. Outline the location of the research and research population to which the article relates. Describe the sample selection techniques. Outline statistical methods used. When describing the results of hypothesis testing, report P values and/or confidence intervals. Using phrases such as "not significant" is not sufficient. For program implementation papers, include program description.

Results: Should be presented precisely and directly in both narrative format and tables, pictures, charts, or graphs. Do not include discussion of their importance in this section of the manuscript.

  • Use abbreviations sparingly (spell out at first use).
  • Use minimal capitalisation.
  • Give all measurements in standard international (SI) units (except blood pressure, which is in mmHg).
  • Provide reference intervals when reporting laboratory findings.
  • Refer to drugs by their generic (not their proprietary) names.
  • Provide absolute numbers (with denominators) in addition to percentages. Do not use percentages if the denominator is <100, and round up percentages to one decimal place for denominators of 100–1000 or two decimal places for denominators greater than 1000.
  • Report P values to two decimal places unless P<0.01, in which case use three decimal places. Do not express P values as anything smaller than P<0.001.

Tables: Can be integrated into the document or uploaded as a Supplementary File. Must include title and be referenced in the narrative.  If integrated into the document, the table needs to be editable.

Figures & Images: Images can be graphs or clinical, pathologic (gross or microscopic), endoscopic, or radiographic. They should be of high quality (300 dpi or greater, clear, and in good focus), and illustrate well the diagnosis or content. If your figures include text, an 8 to 10 point font should be used.

Photographs: Photographs of identifiable patients or other individuals must have written permission to publish.

Line art and graphs: Any graphs or line art you submit are at a resolution of at least 300 dpi so that they are readable to reviewers and readers.

Accepted figure file formats: We support the following file formats: .bmp, .gif, .jpg. When sending image files, please do not embed them in Word or other word processing document. Figures should be named consecutively such as "figure 1.tif," "figure 2.jpg," etc., with the file extension appended (.gif, .jpg, .bmp, etc). Each figure should be saved as a separate electronic file and uploaded as a Supplementary File.

Discussion: Discussion should be directly relate to the study being reported. Do not include a general review of the topic only. An in-depth and insightful discussion regarding the new findings is encouraged. Please relate the finding to other literature on the topic. Include calls for actionable implementation and recommendations for further study.

References: Number references in the order cited as Arabic numerals in superscript. Only literature that is published or in press (with the name of the publication known) may be numbered and listed; abstracts and letters to the editor may be cited. Do not use auto-reference end-note function in Word.  See instructions for preparing references below.

2. Preparation of a Review

Review article should not exceed 3000 words, and consist of an abstract (not more 350 words) and an introduction section, followed by the well-referenced review, discussion, then actionable recommendations.  These include historical reviews or systematic literature reviews of a particular health-related topic.  Systematic reviews require a description of the methods used for the literature review. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses follow PRISMA guidelines

3. Preparation of a Commentary

Commentaries should not exceed 3000 words and can be concise, well-referenced essays on any aspect of global health policy and practice from a Christian perspective.  These could include theological, missiological, operational, ecological, pedagogical, medical, anthropological, sociological, public policy or other perspectives.  They include abstracts and are peer reviewed.

4. Preparation of a Case Study

Case studies are descriptive reports of programs or interventions, include references to pertinent literature, and discuss implications for policy and practice. They should not exceed 3000 words. 

5. Preparation of a Case Report

Case reports are descriptions of the unique case of an individual patient, and should not exceed 3000 words.  These require an abstract and an introduction including pertinent literature references, followed by the case report, clinical findings, timeline, diagnostic and therapeutic approaches, outcomes and discussion. The permission of the patient should be obtained, or de-identified. See CARE guidelines for a case report checklist.

6. Preparations of Editorial

These 2000-word articles should have a main body of text including the key message (the single overriding communication objective) and references. They do not need the abstract and introduction section. At times, the editors will solicit editorials, and we will also consider unsolicited editorials, typically along the lines of the theme of the issue.

7. Preparation of Short Communication / Field Reports

These 1500-word descriptive essays will be reviewed by the Journal Editors without undergoing the peer review process. These have no specific outline, but need to be interesting narratives that capture a main point and clearly describes work that is going on globally, motivations, and inspirations, and possible recommendations.  Photos which supplement the theme can be included with expressed permission.

8. Preparation of Clinical Trial

Randomized controlled trials should be presented according to the CONSORT guidelines (JAMA2001;285:1987-1991 or http://www.consort-statement.org). Authors should provide the CONSORT checklist with a diagram illustrating the progress of patients through the trial, including recruitment, enrollment, randomization, withdrawal, and completion and a detailed description of the randomization procedure. Manuscripts that fail to comply with CONSORT guidelines or do not include the CONSORT checklist at the time of submission will not be considered for publication.

We suggest that submissions reporting randomized controlled trials should follow CONSORT guidelines; diagnostic accuracy studies follow STARD guidelines; systematic reviews and meta-analyses follow PRISMA guidelines; and for manuscripts reporting epidemiological studies should follow STROBE guidelines.

9. Preparation of a Book or Journal Review

The books reviewed should be no more than two years old from the time of publication, and do not exceed 1500 words. Normally, the review should begin by summarizing the book, and should include information such as its context, content, and message. The review should then discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the arguments and data presented, as well as their implications from a Christian perspective. Finally, the review should evaluate the book according to the criteria of originality, insightfulness, clarity, application, and its significance in its field.

Journal Reviews should include a brief synopsis of each article or series, critique, and implications for policy and practice from a Christian perspective.

10. Poetry

Poetry of any form could relate to reflections of service, motivations, observations, inspirations, or laments.  These could be doxological as well as meditative and involve orthodoxy as well as orthopraxy.

11. Artistic Works

These could be original or historical photographs, paintings, sculpture, or other forms of the visual arts which relate to faith and global health. Photographs of individuals require expressed written consent.  Descriptive and/or reflective narrative could accompany the submissions.      


The accuracy of references is the responsibility of authors. CJGH follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors’ Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals (ICMJE Recommendations). These standards include the National Library of Medicine’s (NLM) Style Guide for references as outlined in Citing Medicine. Citations are numbered by superscript consecutively. The same citation number is used to cite the same reference if used multiple times in the paper, rather than creating a new citation number each time. A list of all references cited is included at the end of the article in the order in which they were referenced in the text. Please add DOI link, when available, at the end of each citation for journal articles in the following form: https://doi.org/DOI# . These DOIs can be searched at Crossref text query.  Abbreviated journal titles can be found at the following: ISI Journal Title Abbreviations:  See below for examples of how to cite common reference categories. For a more complete set of examples, see the list of Sample References as part of the ICMJE Recommendations: 

Citing Specific Reference Types (examples)

Journal article

Lee A. Local perspectives on humanitarian aid in Sri Lanka after the tsunami. Public Health. 2008;122(12):1410-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2008.06.004


Sulmasy DP. A balm for Gilead: meditations on spirituality and the healing arts. Washington DC: Georgetown University Press; 2006.

Chapter in a Book

Myers BL. Designing programs for transformation. In: Walking with the poor: principles and practices of transformational development. New York: Orbis; 2011. p. 239-86.

Abstract/Paper Presented at Conference

Jayakaran R. Community health mobile village-what is possible? Presented at: Global Missions Health Conference; 2012 Nov 8-10; Louisville, KY.

Monograph / Report

Gal D, Bates I, editors. Global pharmacy workforce report [Internet]. International Pharmaceutical Federation; 2012. Available from: http://apps.who.int/medicinedocs/documents/s20206en/s20206en.pdf


Ccih.org [Internet]. McLean, VA:  Christian Connections for International Health; c2013-14 [updated 2013 Sept 30; cited 2013 Oct 30]. Available from: http://www.ccih.org/index.php

Page on a Website

World Health Organization [Internet]. Geneva. Faith-based organizations play a major role in HIV/AIDS care and treatment in sub-Saharan Africa. [updated February 2007 Feb 8; cited 2013 Oct 30]. Available from: http://www.who.int/hiv/mediacentre/news66/en/

Personal Communication

Mention personal communication, such as a personal letter, email, or conversation, in parentheses in the running text, not as a formal citation in the reference list. In the parenthetical statement, include the name of the source, title, organizational affiliation and date of communication. For example:

An expert working group met last month and recommended X and Y (personal communication with John Doe, Science Advisor, Organization Z, Oct 2012).


The following describes the general world limits for each article type and the fee charged for processing through the peer review and publication process. Since publication charges apply only after an article is accepted, the fees do not influence our editorial decisions.


Article type Word limit ARTICLE PROCESSING CHARGE (APC) in USD($)
Invited articles may not incur an processing fee   High income and higher middle income (full rate) High income and higher middle income (concessional^) Low and lower-middle Income countries+
a. Editorials 2000        450 200 0
b. Review Articles 3000        450 200 0
c. Original Articles 5000        700 300 0
d. Case Studies 3000        450 200 0
e. Short Comm/Field Rep 1500        200 100 0
f. Current Debates 1500        200 100 0
g. Commentaries 3000        700 300 0
h. Study Design Articles 3000        700 300 0
i. Training Materials/Tools 3000        450 200 0
j. Book Reviews 1500        0 0 0
k. Opinion Piece 2000        200 100 0
l. Case Reports 3000        450 200 0
m. Poetry/Art 500         100 50 0

The particular country that from which the publication comes is defined by the lead author’s country of residence and his/her organisation being based in a low income country.
The APC is different as the length of articles varies between categories and the time required by reviewers, editors, and other technical considerations.The Title Page should be no more than 20 words.The Abstract should be no more than 350 words.Word counts do not include title page, references, tables, or the abstract.

+Low and lower-middle income countries are defined according to the world bank’s most recent list of countries per capita GDPs.

 ^Concession can be applied for in the following circumstances: the first author is a fulltime student (proof of fulltime enrolment to be emailed to the editor). Other reasons for concession such as no institutional affiliation will be considered on a case-by-case basis by special request directed to the editor.

Our detailed process for managing submissions is outlined in the chart below. 




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