Calls for Papers

FAITH-BASED HEALTHCARE IN AFRICA

The Christian Journal for Global Health welcomes submission of papers for a special issue on the role and characteristics of faith-based healthcare providers in Africa. Ideally, authors should submit their paper by 31 January 2023, although extensions could be provided based on requests. For any question on this call for papers, please contact the journal’s managing editor, Daniel O’Neil, at dwoneill@cjgh.org or the guest editor, Quentin Wodon, at globalcatholiceducation@gmail.com.

In many countries in sub-Saharan Africa, faith-based providers play an important role in providing health services to the population. Whether decades-old missionary facilities, or newly emerging services established by communities of faith, these providers account in some countries for a large share of existing health facilities. In addition, in about two dozen countries, Christian Health Associations (CHAs) have been created to federate Christian facilities, share experiences, and provide a platform for policy dialogue with the state. At the regional level, CHAs are federated by the Africa Christian Health Associations Platform (ACHAP). Despite the existence of these platforms, research remains limited on the market share of faith-based providers, their ability to serve the poor, the out-of-pocket cost for patients to use their services, and the quality of these services, as measured for example through assessments of staff knowledge or the satisfaction of patients with the services received. Research is also needed on the regulatory frameworks under which faith-based providers operate and on how the facilities view their faith identity – whether it helps them in providing quality services or prevents them from providing some services. Innovations by providers are also a topic on which research is limited.

The goal of the special issue is to share evidence and reflections on both the potential comparative advantages and limits of faith-based healthcare providers in the region, including assessments of their footprint, their performance, whom they serve, and their relationships with governments (e.g., public funding and regulatory frameworks). Another topic of interest is how these providers may have responded to (or been affected by) the recent pandemic. Papers can rely on quantitative, qualitative, institutional, or other types of analysis. Authors may submit original research papers, as well as commentaries, case studies, or other scholarship including reviews of the literature or of some aspect thereof. Issues related to how faith may affect various aspects of service delivery may be discussed in the papers explicitly but doing so is not required as long as papers make a useful contribution to discussions related to the role of faith-based healthcare provision in Africa.

References:

Fort, Alfredo. The quantitative and qualitative contributions of faith based organizations to healthcare: The Kenya case. Christian Journal for Global Health, 2017, 4(3), 60-71. https://doi.org/10.15566/cjgh.v4i3.191

Masefield S, Msosa A, Grugel J.  Challenges to effective governance in a low income healthcare system: A qualitative study of stakeholder perceptions in Malawi. BMC Health Services Research 20(1); 2020, 1142. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-020-06002-x

Moshabela M, Bukenya D, Darong G, Wamoyi J, McLean E, Skovdal M, Ddaaki, W, Ondeng'e K, Bonnington O, Seeley J, et al. Traditional healers, faith healers and medical practitioners: the contribution of medical pluralism to bottlenecks along the cascade of care for HIV/AIDS in Eastern and Southern Africa. Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl). e052974-e052974. 2017. https://doi.org/10.1136/sextrans-2016-052974

Olivier J, Tsimpo C, Gemignani R, Shojo M, Coulombe H, Dimmock F, Nguyen M, Hines H, Mills E, Dieleman J, Haakenstad A, Wodon Q. Understanding the roles of faith-based health-care providers in Africa: review of the evidence with a focus on magnitude, reach, cost, and satisfaction. The Lancet (British edition), 2015, Vol.386 (10005), p.1765-1775. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(15)60251-3

Tafesse W, Manthalu G, Chalkley M. The effect of government contracting with faith-based health care providers in Malawi. Centre for Health Economics, University of York. Available from: https://www.york.ac.uk/media/che/documents/papers/researchpapers/CHERP167_faith-based_health_care_providers_Malawi.pdf

 

SCHOOL HEALTH AND VIOLENCE IN SCHOOLS

The Christian Journal for Global Health welcomes submission of papers for one or two special issues on (1) school health; and (2) violence in schools. The aim is to share evidence and insights on how to improve educational and health outcomes for children. Depending on the number and quality of the papers received, one combined or two separate special issues may be published. Ideally, authors should submit their paper by September 30, 2022, although extensions could be provided based on requests. For any question on this call for papers, please contact the journal’s managing editor, Daniel O’Neill, at dwoneill@cjgh.org or the guest editor, Quentin Wodon, at globalcatholiceducation@gmail.com.

1. School Health

Schools are a useful setting for delivering health interventions targeting children and youth. The interventions may be directly related to the opportunity for some children and youth to be able to go to school as well as to learn better while in school. The need for school health interventions has been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic.

There is no single list of the types of interventions that can be implemented in schools.  The third edition of Disease Control Priorities or DCP3 (Bundy et al., 2018, chapter 25) suggests eight interventions for school-age children: (1) school meals, (2) micronutrient supplementation, (3) deworming, (4) malaria intermittent parasite clearance; (5) insecticide treated bed nets for malaria prevention, (6) refractive error screening and provision of corrective glasses, (7) toothbrush provision and education; (8) tetanus toxoid vaccine; and (8) HPV bivalent vaccine. Chapter 26 focuses on adolescent health, although not all programs are equally important in all countries. Some programs for adolescent girls are not included such as gender-based violence, nutrition education, sexuality education, and life skills. The provision of water, sanitation, and hygiene in schools is also not included in DCP3 because it considers them outside of the health sector, even though these provisions have implications for health and adolescent girls’ ability to attend school.

Recently, the World Bank (2022) suggested an alternative list of ten essential school health interventions which includes (1) Vision screening; (2) HPV vaccination; (3) Deworming; (4) School feeding; (5) Iron and folic acid supplementation; (6) Nutrition education; (7) Sexuality education and life skills; (8) Prevention of gender-based violence; (9) Water, sanitation; and (10) Menstrual hygiene. These ten interventions are a useful list, but again some interventions are not considered. For example, beyond vision screening, other interventions may be needed for children with disabilities to go to school and to learn in school.

The goal of the special issue is to share evidence, analysis, and reflections on which school health interventions to consider, what works best based on international evidence, and how interventions have been or could be implemented, including spiritual health in Christian schools. Papers on the “state of” school health – including measuring the mental health of students, are also welcome. Papers can rely on quantitative, qualitative, institutional, or other types of analysis. Authors may submit original research papers, as well as commentaries, case studies, or other scholarship including reviews of the literature. The papers should ideally be written to be accessible to education scholars (e.g., school leaders) as well as health scholars and practitioners.  Perspectives related to faith are encouraged in the papers, but doing so is not required as long as papers make a useful contribution to discussions related to school health.

References:

  1.  Bundy D, de Silva N, Horton S, Jamison D, Patton G. Child and Adolescent Health and Development of Disease Control Priorities, 3rd Edition (DCP3). https://dcp-3.org/CAHD 
  2. World Bank. 2022. School Health and Nutrition: Reach and Relevance for Adolescents. Washington DC: The World Bank. https://www.globalfinancingfacility.org/school-health-and-nutrition-reach-and-relevance-adolescents
  3. Kolbe L J. School Health as a Strategy to Improve Both Public Health and Education.
    Annual Review of Public Health 2019 40:1443-463 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-publhealth-040218-043727

2. Ending Violence in Schools

Violence in schools affects the health of students as well as their ability to attend school and to learn. Interventions to end violence can be considered part of school health.  Therefore, papers on violence in schools will be considered for publication in the special issue on school health. However, if enough papers are submitted and accepted after peer review, a separate special issue on ending violence in schools may be published. Like the other interventions in school health in this general call for papers, preventing violence has important implications for children’s health and development. The goal is to share evidence and reflections on factors relating to ending violence in schools. Papers measuring violence in schools are also welcome. Authors may again submit original research papers, as well as commentaries, case studies, or other scholarship including reviews of the literature. The papers should ideally be written to be accessible to education scholars (e.g., school leaders) as well as health scholars and practitioners. Perspectives related to faith are encouraged in the papers, but doing so is not required as long as papers make a useful contribution to discussions related to ending violence in schools.

References 

Wodon, Q., et al. 2021. Ending Violence in Schools : An Investment Case. World Bank, Washington, DC: The World Bank. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/35969

These are calls for papers to generate a robust discussion and evidence around faith-based healthcare in Africa, school health and violence in schools.  Ongoing submissions on other topics within the scope of the journal are always welcome.