Calls for Papers

Vaccination and Christian Social Responsibility

People of Christian faith, such as Edward Jenner1 and Louis Pasteur2, were at the forefront of the development and use of vaccines to prevent serious, sometimes fatal illnesses. Millions of lives have been saved and devastating diseases like diphtheria, tetanus, polio and small pox have been all but relegated to history in many parts of the world.  Serious bacterial infections, pneumonia and meningitis in infants and young children have been drastically reduced with the introduction of conjugate pneumococcal and haemophilus influenza B immunizations.3,4 In high income countries the average 18-year-old will have around 18 vaccines, yet global programs have struggled to improve access to vaccines in LMICs.  Technology has advanced dramatically, including mRNA technology, and serious vaccine side effects are now rare.

There have always been a small minority of Christians who have been against vaccination, but on the whole Christians, like most other world religions, have enthusiastically supported vaccination to save lives. Christian Connections for International Health (CCIH) has collated resources to advocate for immunization uptake.5 Some faith leaders have opposed polio vaccination and served as obstacles to eradication in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Nigeria.6 

With the advent of the global COVID-19 pandemic, within 18 months, and against most expectations, companies and governments have developed highly effective vaccines and delivered 5 billion doses.  Theses vaccines have already saved 100’s of thousands of lives (estimated to be 60,000 in the UK alone).7 However, the success of vaccine deployment is not without its conundrums.  The majority of COVID 19 vaccine doses have been delivered in a minority of high and middle income countries while low and middle income counties have by and large remained unvaccinated.  Despite the public health success story of vaccine development, many have expressed concerns about the rapidity of rollout, the effect of pharmaceutical profit motives which might influence public health decisions, the limited long term safety data, and the ethics of the use of foetal cell lines in the development of viral vector vaccines.   Others have promoted non-scientific claims in regards to vaccine effects on the human genome and resisted government recommendations.  Christians have been well represented in all these camps: aggressively pushing COVID-19 vaccines, hesitant about vaccines and even promoting unscientific ideas and conspiracy theories. 

How have Faith Based organizations mobilized for promoting vaccines in the less-resourced populations they serve? What are examples of Christians working to implement wider vaccine availability globally? How does the Christian faith and theology speak into this field of vaccination?  What Christian principles and scientific evidence should inform our decisions?  How have Christian leaders and health professionals responded to unscientific or insular approaches?  Should Christians support the COVAX facility or GAVI initiative? 

This is a call for papers to generate a robust discussion and evidence around vaccines in our history, our present and into the future.  Ongoing submissions on other topics within the scope of the journal are always welcome.


  1. John J. Heroes of the faith: Edward Jenner. CanonJ.John. [Internet] Available from:
  2. Wilson B. Pasteur's life-saving science rooted in Christian values. The Irish News. 2021 April 22. [Internet] Available from:
  3. Peltola H. Worldwide Haemophilus influenzae type b disease at the beginning of the 21st century: global analysis of the disease burden 25 years after the use of the polysaccharide vaccine and a decade after the advent of conjugates. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2000 Apr;13(2):302-17.
  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Progress in introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine--worldwide, 2000-2008. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2008 Oct 24;57(42):1148-51. PMID: 18946462
  5. Christian Connections for International Health. Immunization. Strategic engagement of religious leaders in COVID-19 vaccination. 2021 Oct 12. [Internet]. Available from:
  6. Shah SZ, Saad M, Rahman Khattak MH, Rizwan M, Haidari A, Idrees F. "Why we could not eradicate polio from pakistan and how can we?". J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 2016 Apr-Jun;28(2):423-425. PMID: 28718581.
  7. Public Health England. COVID-19 vaccine surveillance report: Week 30. London: PHE. 2021 July 29. [Internet] Available from:

Environmental Concerns and Global Health

There is burgeoning evidence that ecological and environmental change is having significant impact on human health. Though the causes are multifactorial, human behavior likely contributes significantly. There are both historical and emerging contemporary Christian environmental concern as a practice of stewardship on the earth. The international community has broadened its view of development and well-being to encompass the entire ecosystem based on emerging evidence expressed in the Sustainable Development Goals. Theologies of ecology are being rediscovered in Christian educational institutions, and newer generations have heightened conscientiousness regarding ecological systems, planetary health, and sustainability. There is enhanced awareness of the key factor of nutrition on individual, society and the land. Pandemics such as COVID-19 reveal our intimate interconnectedness with nature.

Submissions of any topic within the broad scope of the journal are always welcome. Subjects such as the following are particularly sought: 

  • Case studies on collaborations between FBOs/churches and governmental organizations/ multilateral organizations
  • Original research on Christian FBO inclusion of environmental concerns for health impacting development, for example climate change
  • Commentaries on discernment in interacting with other faiths & secular powers toward common goals for planetary flourishing
  • Application of plant-based diets at micro (personal health) and macro (public and environmental health) levels
  • Assessments of programs to reduce carbon emissions and innovations in “green” energy production
  • Theological reflection on planetary stewardship to include work toward sustainable agriculture, hygiene, animal care, soil care, clean air and water as acts of love for neighbor, the reconciliation of all things, and honoring the Creator
  • Studies or literature review on the role of Christian advocacy for the environment and related health issues
  • Addressing the pitfalls of following climate change projections, and the limitations of human endeavors on human and planetary flourishing.

Deadline for this call for papers 30 April 2021.


  1. Mitchell RB, Grills NJ. (2017). A historic humanitarian collaboration in the Pacific context. Christian Journal for Global Health 4(2), 2017: 87-94.
  2. Clarke M. Introduction: Good and God–development and mission’ in Clarke M (ed.) Mission and development: God’s work or good works. London: Continuum, 2012.
  3. Nche GC, Achunike, HC, Okoli A. The challenges of climate change and the culpability of churches: Towards an effective church climate change action in Nigeria. Missionalia 45.2 (2017): 168-87.
  4. Conradie EM. Climate change and the church: Some reflections from the South African context. The Ecumenical Review 62(2), 2010: 159-69.

Responing to Epidemics and Pandemics

The surging pandemic of the novel coronavirus COVID-19 disease has caught the world off-guard.  To societies lulled by scientific hubris, to cultures believing that humans have triumphed over nature, has come in a few weeks an unanticipated, unpredicted storm from nature itself.  It is a storm that threatens both life and economic wellbeing for millions of people, particularly the most vulnerable and countries with fragile health systems.  For Christians who believe that there is a reality beyond science, beyond nature and even beyond this life, it is an unprecedented opportunity for service, for sacrifice and for understanding. 

The Christian Journal for Global Health has previously published articles on the role of Christians responding to Ebola outbreaks and those who care for people with HIV/AIDS.  We commend The End of Epidemics: The Looming Threat to Humanity and How to Stop It presciently published in 2018 by our colleague Jonathan Quick.  But now there is a further opportunity to contribute to the literature, expand knowledge, and prompt innovative and scaled measures to address the current and future infectious disease outbreaks.

Therefore, we call for papers to address the following such as:

  • The biblical ethics of selfless healthcare engagement to those infected, and the health effects of economic lockdown decisions on vulnerable global populations.
  • Novel local efforts to limit spread of infection in the community and nosocomial transmission and to protect healthcare workers.
  • Operational approaches to scaling up evidence-based public health measures through local faith communities and faith-based organizations.
  • Case studies on addressing supply-chain challenges and partnerships in low resource settings for both personal protective equipment, diagnostic and therapeutic resources.
  • Historical analysis of the church’s response to previous epidemics.
  • Case reports on COVID-19 cases.
  • Systematic literature reviews on the impact of faith-based approaches to reduce the impact of epidemics.
  • Case studies on Christian ethical approaches to triage in low-resource settings, and reducing stigma.

Deadline for submissions on this topic is 31 August 2020. Submissions on any other topic are always welcome any time.


Anderson RM, Heesterbeek H, Klinkenberg D, and Déirdre Hollingsworth T. How Will Country-based Mitigation Measures Influence the Course of the COVID-19 Epidemic? Lancet 395 (10228), 09 March 2020.

Ayebare RR, Flick R, Okware S, Bodo B, Lamorde M, Adoption of COVID-19 triage strategies for low-income settings. The Lancet Respiratory Medicine. March 11, 2020.

CDC. Interim Guidance for Administrators and Leaders of Community- and Faith-Based Organizations to Plan, Prepare, and Respond to Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). 21 March 2020. Available from:

Grills N. COVID-19 containment, poverty and population health. InSight+ 11; 23 March 2020. Available from:

Moore M Gelfeld B Okunogbe A Paul C. Identifying future disease hot spots: Infectious Disease Vulnerability Index. Rand Health Q. 2017; 6: 5. PMC5568150.

Quick J. The end of epidemics. St. Martin Press, 2018.

Zhang J Zhou L Yang Y Peng W Wang W Chen X. Therapeutic and triage strategies for 2019 novel coronavirus disease in fever clinics. Lancet Respir Med. 2020; 8: e11-e12.


The Changing Landscape of Faith-based Hospitals

Christian hospitals and health systems have been central in the prmotion of health in deveoping countries. They have provided healthcare to the underserved and the unreached and trained cadres of health workers.  To this day faith-based hospitals remain an important part of the delivery of health care to populations in many low- and middle-income countries, complementing national health care systems.

As acknowledged in the Lancet series on faith-based healthcare in 2015, many of these facilities have focussed on providing services to hard-to-reach populations, to the poor and to fragile or weakened health systems. The authors also noted the role of mobilization and support of volunteers, and innovative fee structures and governance approaches.

However, the environment in which these hospitals exist has changed dramatically over the last few decades including the following:

  • Increasing government regulations and enforcement or expectations that they will integrate with or work under government control
  • An expectation that hospitals should offer specialty and subspecialty services supported by the necessary specialist staff
  • From less reliance on expatriate health workers, who in some places have been unable to obtain visas, to increased reliance on locally trained health workers for hospital staff and leadership
  • Increased options for faith-inspired healthcare workers to work in and to improve government hospitals and/or corporate hospitals
  • Changing financial models from dependence on foreign donations towards dependence on patient fees, government funds or even business models.

These faith-based healthcare institutions face additional challenges such as unpredictable financing, religious opposition, variable governance and priorities that may differ from national health systems.   Many mission hospitals have had difficulty in adapting to this changing environment and many have shut down.  For example, in India there were around 700 protestant hospitals at independence in 1947 and this has fallen to around 200 (personal correspondence, Vinod Shah).

With this background, we seek submissions that will fill this important gap in the literature, suggest better health outcomes and improve our understanding of faith-based hospitals by addressing the following:

  • The transition of past, current and future roles, and the uniqueness of these roles.
  • The relevance of faith-based hospitals to meet the SDGs, and their importance for world outreach objectives.
  • Redefining the purposes and practises of hospital facilitates; adaptation to include community-based programs, education, public health initiatives or sub-specialising.
  • What can be done to promote sustainability of Christian hospitals, the promotion of research evidence-based quality, chaplaincy, and the inclusiveness of provision of services to the poor.
  • The role of foreign entities in supporting existing hospitals in low and middle income countries.

Deadline for submissions for this theme issue 31 March 2020.


Faith-based health-care. Lancet series. Available from:

Olivier J, Tsimpo C, Gemignani R, Shojo M, Coulombe M, Dimmock F, et al. Understanding the roles of faith-based health-care providers in Africa: review of the evidence with a focus on magnitude, reach, cost, and satisfaction. Lancet 386(10005) 31 Oct 2015. 

Green A, Shaw J, Dimmock F, Conn C.  A shared mission? Changing relationships between government and church health services in Africa. Int J Health Plann Manage. 2002; 17: 333–353.

Palmer JJ, Gilbert A, Choy M, Blanchet K. Circumventing 'free care' and 'shouting louder': using a health systems approach to study eye health system sustainability in government and mission facilities of north-west Tanzania. Health Res Policy Syst. 2016;14(1):68. Published 2016 Sep 9.

Focusing on the Formative First Years

In the continuum of the life cycle, the formative years are emerging as the most pivotal for human health, development, and flourishing.  Fostering maternal-child health, and in particular the first 1000 days from conception, are proving to have significant, measurable effects on health of the body, mind and society.  Protecting the vulnerable from toxic environments of violence, neglect, malnutrition, disease, pollution, and lack of health services has long-term effects on bonding, growth, learning, behavior, economic development, health and longevity.

Maternal nutrition and well-being, healthy timing and spacing of pregnancies, just family and community relationships, accessible pre-natal and peri-partum care, birth registration, maternal and paternal bonding, cognitive stimulation, spiritual nourishment, pre-school education, wholesome nutrition, hygiene and sanitation, vaccination, and timely health interventions are all essential approaches to human flourishing in the early stages of the life cycle.  Early childhood development (ECD) is considered, “the foundation for subsequent educational and vocational attainment at the individual level and the overall human capital and economic development at the population level.”*  The Lancet published a series on the high value of ECD from 2016-2018, and the Nurturing Care for ECD was launched in 2017. At the G20 Summit in September 2018 an initiative for ECD was launched. The time is right for strengthening evidence and programming for ECD. 

The Christian faith values human life, family, care for the vulnerable, nurture and investment in subsequent generations.  Many FBOs and local faith communities engage in advocacy and development for those in the early years, but more evidence is needed on the role of FBOs in enhancing ECD. We call for original research papers addressing subjects such as the following:

  • Practical and faith-based approaches to support families to provide nurturing care in the earliest years of life, informing effective policies, enabling health system, and taking relevant actions in other sectors.
  • Scaling up effective interventions, to mobilize faith resources, monitor progress, and achieve results for stronger social and economic benefits.
  • Addressing pre-conception maternal health, family planning, pre-natal care, dignified obstetric services, breast-feeding, and water, sanitation and hygiene.
  • Measuring the impact of community health workers and building capacity to improve maternal-child health outcomes.
  • Enhancing health systems for better perinatal and pediatric health services, vaccinations, monitoring indicators of brain development, etc.
  • Promoting spiritual health in families and communities focusing on parental competencies and the dignity, capacity and rights of young children.
  • Enhancing disability-inclusive approaches to care giving at the earliest life stages.

Papers on other topics are always welcome, but deadline for this special issue is 31 August 2019.


WHO & UNICEF. Nurturing Care for Early Childhood Development: a framework for Action and Results Engagement and Consultations August 2017 - May 2018

G20 Initiative for Early Childhood Development. Building human capital to break the cycle of poverty and inequality. Sept 2018. Available from:

Grantham-McGregor S, Cheung YB, Cueto S, Glewwe Pl, Richter L, Strupp B, and the International Child Development Steering Group. Developmental potential in the first 5 years for children in developing countries. Lancet. 2007;369:60-70.

*Olusanya BO. Priorities for early childhood development in low-income countries. J Dev Behav Pediatr 2011; 32: 476–81.

De Angulo JM, Losada LS.  The emerging health paradigm in the 21st century: The formative first 1000 days of life.  Christian Journal for Global Health. Nov 2016; 3(2):113-128.

Bartkowski, John P. ; Xu, Xiaohe ; Levin, Martin L. Religion and child development: Evidence from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study. Social Science Research, 2008, Vol.37(1), pp.18-36.

Grantham-McGregor s, Cheung YB, Cueto S, Glewwe P, Richter L, Strupp B, Developmental potential in the first 5 years for children in developing countries. Lancet. 6 January 2007; 369(9555): 60-70.

Black MM, Walker SP, Fernald LCH, et al. Early childhood development coming of age: science through the life course. Lancet. 2017;389(10064):77–90.

Britto PR, Lye SJ, Proulx K, et al. Nurturing care: promoting early childhood development. Lancet. 2017;389(10064):91–102.

Stephenson J, Heslehurst N, Hall J, et al. Before the beginning: nutrition and lifestyle in the preconception period and its importance for future health. Lancet. 2018.

Richter LM, Desmond C, Behrman J, et al. G20's Initiative for Early Childhood Development. Lancet. 2019;392:2695-6.

Bhutta ZA, Black RE. Current and Future Challenges for Children Across the World. JAMA. 2019;321(13):1251–1252.